Chủ Nhật, 9 tháng 11, 2008

The Montessori method

If my dream school is one day established, it would follow the Montessori Method!

But what is this method? This is what Wipidemia has to explain it:

The Montessori method is a child centered alternative educational method for children, based on theories of child development originated by Italian educator Maria Montessori (1870-1952) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is applied primarily in preschool and elementary school settings although some Montessori high schools exist. [1][2]

The Montessori method is characterized by an emphasis on self-directed activity on the part of the child and clinical observation on the part of the teacher (often called a director, directress, or guide). It stresses the importance of adapting the child's learning environment to his or her developmental level, and of the role of physical activity in absorbing abstract concepts and practical skills. It also characterized by the use of autodidactic (self-correcting) equipment for introduction and learning of various concepts.

The Montessori name has achieved some attention, is not a trademark and is associated with more than one organization. There are schools 'influenced' by Montessori which have received substantial criticism and bear little resemblance to other institutions with closer lineage to Maria. The rest of this article refers to Maria's work, the work of her colleagues and their successors.

The Montessori method teaches reading via phonics and whole language, the comparative benefits of which are presently being recognised. [3]

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